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Gullfoss waterfall in Iceland
(Last Updated On: 19. July 2021)

Wild Viking ancestors, a special breed of horses and absolutely stunning landscapes: Iceland surely offers a lot of things to explore. This Iceland Travel Guide lists all you need to know for planning your very own Iceland (heritage) trip…

Disclaimer: This blog post includes affiliate links for Iceland tours on the Icelandic tour booking website TourDesk. If you click on any of these links and make a booking through this link, I will receive a small affiliate fee.This is of course at no extra cost for you.

A short snap of Icelandic history

Iceland was first permanently settled by Vikings from Norway and Sweden, who came here around 870 AD. They also sailed from here to Greenland. Plus, the viking Leifur Eriksson, also called “Leif the Lucky”, allegedly was the first European to ever to reach and settle on the North American continent around 1000 AC – almost 500 years before Christoph Columbus! He landed in Newfoundland, Canada and named the area Vínland because of the good conditions for growing grapes. Today, you can see his statue in front of the Hallgrímskirkja church in Iceland’s capital Reykjavik. The statue was donated to Iceland by the United States of America.

Today, Iceland is the least populated country in Europe. The capital Reykjavik only has a population of around 130,000 people and Iceland as a whole counts just around 360,000 people. Icelandic is the one modern language that is closest to Old Norse – the language that the Vikings spoke. In fact, much about what we know about the Vikings today we know from the Icelandic Sagas – a collection of stories and myths about the lives of the Vikings in Iceland. The Sagas are also the reason why many modern Icelanders can actually trace back their ancestry through to the original Viking settlers.

Horses on Iceland South Coast and Glacier Lagoon Tour

Furthermore, Iceland today is the only country in Europe where surnames are still given according to the old Nordic way of naming, which was once common in all of Scandinavia. This means that a son born to a man called Erik will be called Eriksson and a daughter born to a man called Erik will be called Eriksdottir. And yes, if there is one father, one mother, one son and one daughter in an Icelandic family, all of these family members will have different surnames!

If you have Iceland ancestors…

If you have Vikings in your ancestry and / or enjoyed the TV series Vikings (2013-2020), Iceland is obviously a great place to discover.

If you are traveling to Iceland to pursue genealogy research, FamilySearch provides some helpful tips for Iceland Genealogy and finding your Iceland ancestors.

Also, the Icelandic Emigration Center in the north of the island might be a good place to check out. According to The Icelandic Emigration Center, around 14,000 people emigrated from Iceland to North America between the years 1870 and 1914 with most of them escaping severe poverty in Iceland.

How to go to Iceland

My tip: If you’re traveling to another country in Europe from the States, you can make a brief stopover in Iceland as the island is conveniently located in-between America and Europe. For example with Icelandair. The many bus services make it easy to get from the airport to the capital Reykjavik and then to the rest of the island in just a few days. Plus, what better place is there to stretch your legs than this beautiful ancestral country of the original Vikings? 😉

April touchdown with Icelandair
Touchdown with Icelandair

When to go to Iceland

Iceland is a destination to visit all year round. Thanks to the gulf stream, the Icelandic winters are actually pretty mild and don’t get as cold as you might think. Although there can be quite an icy wind on an island located that far north, even in April or June, the two times I was there.

If you’re planning on seeing the Northern Lights, make sure you visit Iceland between November and April. And for the long and bright summer nights, come between May and August. In June, the sun never really sets and it stays bright as daylight almost all night long.

Sunglasses at night
This picture was taken around 10 pm at night in early June!

Where to go in Iceland

1. The Capital Reykjavik: If it’s your first time in Iceland, start by staying in the capital Reykjavik. Europe’s northernmost capital has a lot to offer. Plus, from here, you can easily get to most places around the island by bus or by car.

2. The South and West Coast: From Reykjavik, you can either rent a car or hop on one of the many tour busses, which conveniently pick you up from your hotel or hostel. The South Coast, the West Coast and the so-called Golden Circle route are all within easy reach for a day trip.

3. The East and North Coast: These regions are probably a little too far for a day trip. So rent a car or get a flexible bus pass to explore these regions over several days.

Iceland South Coast and Glacier Lagoon Tour
Me at the famous Skógafoss waterfall in the South of the country

How to get around in Iceland

There are regular bus services from the international airport Keflavik to the city centre of Reykjavik, which I would recommend to book in advance. Because the famous Blue Lagoon is located half-way between Reykjavik and the airport, many travellers choose to combine a visit with their transport to or from the airport. 

Most visitors in Iceland either rent a car and then explore on their own or book guided day tours by bus from the capital Reykjavik

The town centre of Reykjavik is not very big. Thus, you can easily walk almost anywhere.

The bus system is very good, too. With a Reykjavik City Card you will get unlimited travel on all of Reykjavik’s busses.

At the Glacier Lagoon
At the Glacier Lagoon

Your Iceland Travel Guide for 10 Things to Do in Iceland

1. Book one of the convenient Iceland tours by bus

My No. 1 tip for thing to do in the Iceland Travel Guide is the Golden Circle Tour. Known as the must-do introduction tour to Iceland, you can check off several of Iceland’s most iconic sights in just a few hours with this tour.

Highlights include the famous Strokkur Geyser, which reliably erupts every six to ten minutes, the spectacular Gullfoss waterfall (seen on the feature image at the top of this post), as well as the oldest existing parliament in the world – Þingvellir National Park. You might also recognize this place as a recurring film location from the TV hit series Game of Thrones.

You can also stand with one foot in America and one foot in Europe by checking out the spot where the American and European (called Eurasian) tectonic plates meet!

For more info and to book your tour, check out this overview of all Golden Circle Tours from Reykjavik.

Þingvellir National Park
Þingvellir National Park

2. Ride the unique Icelandic horse 

Another thing that shouldn’t be missed in any Iceland Travel Guide is horse riding on the very unique breed that is the Icelandic horse.

Read all about why I booked a horseback riding tour in Iceland after 15 years of horse riding absence in my post Exploring Iceland on Horseback: My Lava Tour with Íshestar Horse Riding on my other travel blog

Horse riding in Iceland
Horse riding in Iceland

3. Watch whales and puffins up and close!

Puffin and Whale Watching Tours are popular natural attractions in Iceland, especially during the summer months. And you don’t even have to go far! There are several tour providers conveniently offering Whale Watching and Puffin Watching Tours from Reykjavik’s harbour.

Puffing watching
Puffin watching in Iceland!
A puffin in Iceland
A puffin in Iceland
Whales in Iceland
Whale watching in Iceland

4. Have a soak in the Blue Lagoon or a public thermal bath

At the Blue Lagoon
At the Blue Lagoon

The Blue Lagoon is of course a must-do and mentioned in every Iceland Travel Guide. You can easily combine a visit with your transport to or from the airport  as the Lagoon is located close to the Iceland’s international airport Keflavík.

Although the Blue Lagoon as a tourism hot spot (quite literally!), it didn’t seem too overcrowded there. Also, the Blue Lagoon is very well organized and pre booking was necessary even in pre-Corona times and definitely once Iceland reopens again after the lockdown.

Alternatively, do as the locals do and chillax in an outdoor hot tub after a busy day of sightseeing. There are three public baths in Reykjavik, which are a cheap (and just as nice) alternative to the Blue Lagoon.

5. Join a free walking tour in Reykjavik

Great to get a first overview about what’s located where in the capital as well as to learn EVERYTHING about Icelandic history and culture. I took the free walking tour with City Walk Reykjavik, which I can highly recommend!

Geyser Church and Viking Memorial in Reykjavík
The so-called Geyser Church and Viking Memorial in Reykjavík

6. Come face to face with the Vikings

The first permanent settlers in Iceland were vikings from Norway, who came to the secluded island in the North Atlantic Ocean from about 870 AD – allegedly because they had some problems with the other vikings back in Norway and were thus shunned from the community. The journey of the first vikings discovering and settling in Iceland is also portrayed in the TVseries Vikings (2013-ongoing).

At the Saga Museum in Reykjavik you will learn everything about the famous tales of the vikings, which were written down in the so-called Icelandic sagas. Plus, you can even get your own souvenir pic with one of the many (incredibly realistic looking) viking wax figures.

Me meeting a viking!
Me meeting a (slightly scary) viking

7. See the Big Picture of Reykjavík for little money

You don’t have to pay much to have all of Reykjavik at your feet. It’s free to explore the centrally located, Geyser-shaped church Hallgrímskirkja from the outside and inside. If you want to go up the tower, you have to pay a small entry fee. But I thought it was really worth it.

There is no need to fear having to climb up lots of stairs either. With a super fast elevator, you get driven up in a heartbeat. And on a clear and sunny day, the view is stunning! See these photos for evidence:

Iceland from above
Iceland from above
View of Reykjavik, Iceland
View of Reykjavik, Iceland

8. Stroll the harbor front for FREE

Talking about the harbor front, it is of course free to just stroll around and enjoy the views. On a sunny day these are most beautiful if you start at the historically important Höfði House on Borgartún.

Harbour front near the Höfði House in Reykjavik, Iceland

It was here at the Höfði House where Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbatsjov met in 1986 to discuss the beginning of the end to the Cold War period.

The Höfði House
The Höfði House

A little bit further down the harbour (after you’ve passed the impressive Harpa Concert Hall and Conference Centre), several boat companies will offer whale watching, puffin watching or sea angling tours.

Reykjavik harbor, Iceland

9. Travel back in time to discover your Iceland ancestors

Planning a museum day in Reykjavik? The Reykjavik City Card will save you money. You can either get one for 24, 48 or 72 hours at many tourist information points, hotels or at supermarkets. The card also includes unlimited travel on all of Reykjavik’s busses as well as several special discounts.

Due to their close proximity, museums such as National Museum of Iceland, The Settlement Exhibition and the Museum of Photography can easily be visited in one day.

Reykjavik’s Open Air Museum Árbær (open in the summertime only) is a little further out, but well worth a visit if you’re interested to see how Icelanders lived back in the day. So if you have ancestors from Iceland, this might be the perfect opportunity to imagine what their lives were once like.

The houses on display are fully furnished and tell lots of intriguing stories about the past. There are daily guided tours at 1 pm. If you planning on going, set aside some time because it will take at least 30 minutes to arrive there by bus (number 5, 12 or 16) from Reykjavik’s city centre.

Trip to the past at Reykjavik's Open Air Museum
Trip to the past at Reykjavik’s Open Air Museum

10. Go on an organised day tour to other parts of the island

It may not be that cheap, but it will definitely be worth it because you can just sit back and relax while everything is being organised for you! Also, if you only have limited time in Iceland, you can be sure to get the most out of your precious few days. All you are left to do then is to check off the sights on your bucket list.

Iceland's South Coast
Iceland’s beautiful South Coast

If you like to book Iceland tours from Reykjavik in a few simple clicks, visit the booking website

Good to know before you go

Five Travel Tips for your Iceland Travel Guide

1. Credit cars are accepted everywhere. However, it is still advisable to get some cash in Icelandic kronors, for example for tipping your guide on a “free” walking tour (see next point).

2. Tipping is generally not expected, not even in restaurants. The only exception are the “free” walking tours in Reykjavik, for which you should of course tip your tour guide at the end if he or she did a good job.

3. Swimming pool rules: Because there is no chlorine in the water, naked showering is required before entering a public thermal bath

4. Cost: Be prepared that Iceland is very expensive, especially for food and accommodation. Although I have found that in 2020, the value of the Icelandic currency has dropped in favour of the Euro/Dollar when compared to when I was there last in 2017. That may change again in the future though.

A tip for the Blue Lagoon: Take your own towel and slippers to avoid having to pay for them and ideally combine your trip with a transfer to or from the airport because it is on the way anyway. You can conveniently store your luggage at the lagoon and that’s not too expensive.

5. Drink tap water: The smell of the tap water in Iceland may seem a bit strange at first. But, as every Icelander will tell you, it’s way better for you than to drink water from a bottle because the smell is actually due to all the sulphur, lava and other minerals in the ground. Thus, drinking tap water in Iceland is a good way to save money AND stay healthy!

It was love at first sight! Me and the Icelandic horses!
It was love at first sight! Me and the Icelandic horses!

Unless otherwise credited, all photos in this Iceland Travel Guide were taken by © Sonja Irani |

Covid-19 Update: Iceland is currently planning to reopen its tourism facilities in mid-April 2021 and to allow fully vaccinated non-Schengen travelers back into the country without the need for testing or quarantine. Read the lastest on Iceland’s dedicated Covid website and

Over to you: Do you have Iceland ancestors? Or perhaps even Viking ancestors? Have you ever visited Iceland or are you planning an Iceland trip? Let me know in the comments below.


I am a tour guide in Bremen, northern Germany with a special interest in "ancestral tourism". As such, I wrote my Master thesis in 2020 for my degree in "Tourism Destination Development" about this topic. On and, I combine my two passions for travel and ancestry research to provide practical tips about ancestry-inspired travel to European countries such as Sweden, Norway or Ireland as well as my home country Germany. If you like to follow along, join the journey on Facebook @RevisitGermany

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